The end of an era for Daredevil

Sep 6, 2015

The end of an era for Daredevil

Sep 6, 2015

It’s been over four years since Mark Waid came onboard as the writer of Daredevil, with the launch of volume 3. Paolo Rivera and Marcos Martín were his first partners in crime, with Martín supplying the artwork for the second arc (and one story in issue #1), while Rivera put his distinctive mark on the first and third arcs, including the stellar stand-alone Christmas issue, Daredevil #7. After the Omega Effect arc – a Daredevil/Punisher/Avenging Spider-Man crossover with art by Marco Checchetto – Chris Samnee came onboard. His first issue, Daredevil #12 (vol 3), is another one of my all time favorites, and Samnee would go on to outdo himself with almost every issue for the next three years. In addition to an already great roster, we had Javier Rodríguez, the colorist for most of volume 3 and much of volume 4, occasionally stepping in as the penciller – and doing a fantastic job of it – making sure that Daredevil kept looking consistently amazing.

Of course, I also want to mention Peter Krause’s artwork on the Road Warrior digital comic, Matt Wilson’s excellent work as the colorist of the tail end of volume 4 (he opened with a big splash of purple, my favorite color…), and the always excellent Joe Caramagna whose letters made me take note of this craft in ways I hadn’t previously. Last, but certainly not least, we have the editorial team and the guest artists I didn’t get to already, but for fear of missing anyone, I’ll just extend a big, collective “thank you” to everyone who contributed to the success of the last four years.

Foggy and Matt in their college dorm, from Daredevil #12, by Mark Waid and Chris Samnee

This era of Daredevil has been unique in many ways, and as much as I’m looking forward to seeing what Charles Soule and Ron Garney have in store for us in a new Daredevil #1 later this year, I suspect I will always look back on these past few years with a huge sense of nostalgia. The Other Murdock Papers has been up and running for almost eight years, and volumes 3 and 4 have covered more than half of that timespan. I don’t know if I’d been as inspired to keep blogging if there hadn’t consistently been so much great new material to talk about.

I’m also grateful that I’ve been able to meet Mark Waid, Chris Samnee, and Paolo Rivera in person. I have nothing but great things to say about these guys, and how generous they’ve been with their time at conventions and in conversations online. (And the fact that I actually had a cameo appearance in an issue still inspires awe among my friends who don’t even read comics. It definitely ranks among the coolest things that has ever happened to me. Is that sad? Naw, I think it’s awesome.) 😉

I make a cameo appearance in Daredevil #31 (vol 3), by Mark Waid and Chris Samnee

I initially figured I would write one post listing all the things that I’ve enjoyed about this run, but I quickly realized that would take much more than just one post if I wanted it to be exhaustive. So for the next couple of weeks, I’d like to return to each of the points below so I can delve into them a little deeper. Because there’s so much to say that doing it all at once would be overwhelming, and you guys would have to wait even longer for this already overdue back-from-hiatus post. What I will do is list each thing I wanted to get back to, and maybe you guys would even like to weigh in with your own examples in the comments.

  1. The artwork

    Matt's hand hesitates, then reaches for his phone, as seen in Daredevil #10 by Mark Waid and Chris Samnee

    I know, a discussion of the artwork alone could easily cover several posts, and if you’re itching to read something that has me gushing about the brilliance of Paolo Rivera and Chris Samnee, there are several older posts I could refer you to. I’ll put a list of recommended reading at the end of the post.

    In essence, though, what has really made the artwork stand out to me, in particularly during Samnee’s tenure, has been the complete merging of words and pictures. Of course, this is the kind of experience that comics, at its best, should always deliver, but few do it as smoothly and beautifully as we’ve seen over the last few years. Pick almost any Daredevil comic from this run, and you’d fairly easily be able to understand the story, including at least the gist of individual conversations, without even reading the words. It’s been visual story-telling at its finest, and has kept me coming back to reread every issue, just to enjoy all the little details.

  2. The tone


    This is probably be the most controversial item on this list, as I know people disagree about what constitutes the perfect tone for this character. I know many people first started reading Daredevil with volume 3, and for them, this is “their” Daredevil. Many other fans view the Bendis run, for instance, as the quintessential Daredevil. Some of those fans have enjoyed the last few years as much as I have, and some have not. That’s fine. As a Daredevil completist, I don’t consider the tone of this run as extreme in any way. It’s had its lighter moments – much needed considering the dark era that preceded it – and it’s dealt with serious topics as well. True, the events of Daredevil #14 (vol 4) were too whimsical for me personally, and aside from several great moments (which I may return to), this final story arc has not been my cup of tea. However, this in no way lessens my profound enthusiasm for the vast majority of the issues that came before, and I feel that the tone has mostly been spot on. There are many different ways to write this character and still remain true to the core of who he is, and this creative team has done a better job of exploring Matt Murdock and his friends than most.

  3. Perfect pacing and thrilling twists

    Ikari reveals his secret, as seen in Daredevil #25 by Mark Waid and Chris Samnee

    Over the last four years, buying an issue of Daredevil has almost guaranteed the reader good value for their hard-earned money. This is probably not the most exciting way to talk about a work of art, but with the relatively high cost of comics for the few minutes it takes to read each issue, it’s always appreciated when every single read is a satisfying read. While still mostly conforming to the modern format of stories that span several issue, each issue has stood well on its own.

    I’ve already mentioned the quality of the artwork, but here I also want to point out Mark Waid’s incredible talent for plotting a story and getting the pacing of it just right. He’s never been afraid to let a quiet moment take the time it needs, at the same time making sure that no single page is wasted. This makes the big reveals feel all the more gratifying, and the twists so much more shocking. See the panel above. ‘Nuff said.

  4. The big issues

    Three panels of Daredevil's fist planted firmly against the ground, as seen in Daredevil #10 by Mark Waid and Chris Samnee

    I mentioned this briefly while talking about tone, but I think it needs its own heading (and subsequent post). This creative team is not the first to bring up Matt’s fragile mental health, but perhaps the first to attempt to explore it this fully. The examination of Daredevil’s depression has moved so many readers, including yours truly, and I wouldn’t be surprised if it’s actually saved lives. Add to that the story which dealt with Sister Maggie’s tragic reasons for leaving Matt as a baby, Foggy’s cancer and many other themes with real-world implications, and there’s been plenty of reason to stay invested in these stories.

  5. Nods to continuity

    Matt remembers his lecture at Carter College, from Daredevil #30 by Mark Waid and Chris Samnee

    It’s always great when you can tell that the creative team are true fans of the character they’re working on, and can use the treasure trove that is fifty years of comic book history to ground the characters in that history and make nods to the greater Marvel Universe. On the other hand, you always want to make sure the stories don’t put up unnecessary barriers for new readers. Daredevil has struck the perfect balance, with plenty of nods to Daredevil history for the longtime fan to enjoy that don’t exclude newcomers. This run has also seen the use of old villains which have been dusted off and made more interesting, and threatening, in the process.

  6. Matt Murdock, the blind guy

    Matt talks about how he handles money, from Daredevil #22 by Mark Waid and Chris Samnee

    This last item is probably not a surprise coming from me, but I know I’m far from the only one who has appreciated a serious and insightful handling of this topic. Mark Waid pretty much proves the observation I made long before 2011 that the creators who pay the most attention to properly exploring Daredevil’s senses tend to be the same ones who know how to handle the limitations of those senses. Really trying to get into Matt Murdock’s head will usually lead to insight into both of these inter-related domains, and I know Waid has spent a lot of time thinking about these issues.

    The way of visually depicting Matt’s radar sense during this run, introduced by Paolo Rivera, has also gone a long way to establish a new standard that works really well, and helps the reader better understand the difference between Matt Murdock’s “view” of the world, and the norm. I really hope that the incoming creative team will draw inspiration from these guys when it comes to this aspect of the character.

That’s it for now! As I mentioned, I will return to a deeper discussion of each of the items on the list, but please feel free to speak you mind on anything and everything related to the last four years in the comment section.

Thank you for reading and thank you to the Daredevil creative team for a spectacular four years!

List of recommended art posts:


  1. Tate

    I’ll apologize for some harsh words that will follow. This all just opinion and I know I’m in the minority here.

    I truly wish I could see what many others, but certainly not everyone, sees in what Mark Waid has done over the last 2 years. I’ve been a fan of Mark Waid’s work for 2 decades and I don’t like typing what I’ve typing for the last 18-24 months. The most tragic thing is this last part of his run has “poisoned the well” for future projects of his. My best friend loves Daredevil also and agrees with me totally. He is also a big Avengers fan and is now very worried about what Waid might do to those characters after completely missing the boat on Daredevil recently.

    I actually agree with most of your points about what is good about the last 4 years as a whole, except the depression thing which thats just my personal preference. I’ve suffered from depression myself and yeah, Waid nails it totally. My problem is I just didn’t wanna read about it. The whole reason I read these stories is to escape reality for a few minutes every week. The whole reason I like Matt Murdock is because he’s a badass ninja warrior who fights through his pain, hardships, and the darkness through sheer force of will and “never gives up”. What he doesn’t do is become an whiny idiot who can’t see the utterly stupid decisions he’s making. Murdock has always been reckless, arrogant, and self centered but he wasn’t stupid. Almost every everything he’s said and done since that final issue of Vol 3 has been ridiculous. Writing an autobiography? Prancing around like nothings wrong and endangering everyone around him? That candy-ass “new suit”? Matt Murdock WOULD NOT DO ANY OF THAT, and Foggy going along with any of it for one second is equally out of character.

    Again I wish I could see the good that others see in this past Volume, but its just not there for me. I’ve seen more than one person declare this the “best Daredevil run ever.” Everyone has their opinion, but to me thats like saying The Phantom Menace is the best Star Wars movie ever. Or to bring it closer to home, there’s a reason why the Netflix series is so amazing and such a spot on interpretation of Matt Murdock; because they took 95% of their inspiration from Frank Miller and Brian Bendis. If they’d based the series off of Mark Waid’s version, it would have been like the Schumacher Batman movies stretched to 13 hours.

    Lots of people have been talking about how Charles Soule has big shoes to fill. I don’t think the bar has ever been lower for a new Daredevil writer in the modern age. Diggle made me ALMOST drop the book, but Waid did make me drop the book 4 issues ago and I sold my other Volume 4 issues. I still own Shadowland.

    Things I hope from the Daredevil book in the future:
    1 – No mention of Kirsten McDuffie ever again unless its to mention she died offscreen. Such a useless character and definitely one of the lowest ranked of DD’s girlfriends, right above Heather Glenn.
    2 – No mention of “depression” ever again.
    3 – Foggy to stop being a cartoonish slob who acts like Scooby Doo around any food.

  2. Christine Hanefalk


    I can kind of see where you’re coming from, even though I feel differently about the “big picture.” Daredevil #14 (vol 4) broke my heart a little. I just couldn’t accept that Matt would act the way he did in that issue. After that I almost stopped paying attention to when the next issue was coming out, and as everyone has noticed, I didn’t bother writing reviews for the last four issues. It’s the first time since I started this blog that I’ve skipped reviewing an issue of the main series.

    However, there have been several issues over the last few years that I’ve enjoyed so much I actually reviewed them twice, and that’s a first too. I do love 90% of this run, and look forward to rereading these stories. I will just stop with issue #10 (vol 4) or so (even though there’s are some pretty great things happening in #13 as well). That’s fine. It actually doesn’t poison the well for me. I’m looking forward to seeing where Waid and Samnee go next (and I’ve even started reading Archie!), and I really am able to appreciate the older work just as much as I did the first time around.

    As for the Netflix show, I can’t imagine any other interpretation than the one we saw. For a “mature” television show, that was the only way to go. The Waid/Samnee run is unapologetically a comic book. For live action, you probably never want to go “full comic book.” But as a comic book, I do have a better time reading volume 3 than I did reading Bendis/Maleev and Brubaker/Lark (as much as I loved those runs as well), in part because of point three on my list. Some of those story arcs were so incredibly decompressed, which is something that’s perfect for a twelve hour television show, but not necessarily for twenty pages of a comic. I’m looking forward to a more mature tone with the new creative team, but I still think the pacing and storytelling of the last few years have been pretty darn impressive.

  3. Jack Batlin

    My fave issue was the Elektra one. A fun look at how exes can be friends. And I l-o-v-e-d Elektra with shorter hair. Great look for her.

  4. tate

    One thing I am thankful for in retrospect is the relaunch for Volume 4. When it was first announced I was pissed and vocal about it, but being a new volume that was obviously going to be relaunched yet again, it made it so much easier to drop the book and just pretend Vol 4 didn’t happen or was some terrible “what if” like End of Days.

    I loved most of Volume 3 and if Waid had stopped there, I’d be calling it one of the greatest runs ever too. Certainly not as good as Miller or Bendis, but probably tied for 3rd best with Brubaker. I hope its not too many years before we see Coyote or Ikari again and I’d love for a writer to try a “relationship” between Matt and Black Cat.

  5. Aidan

    Christine, it is fantastic to have you back and especially great to have you returning with a fantastically well thought out post.

    In response to the post I have only this to say: In my opinion Waid’s run is the pinnacle of the Daredevil story so far. 50 years of the character and no run has singularly encapsulated one of the most multi-faceted characters and mythologies ever so beautifully. Matt Murdock has a lot of facets to his character. A grim, vain attitude, blindness, the boxer father figure, the Catholic, acrobat, the ninja, superhero, the lover, and the lawyer. Some runs capture some aspects of that really well. Bendis captured the ninja, the lawyer, the grimness, and the vanity. Miller created the ninja, added to the grim, and played frequently with the superhero. Lee focused on the superhero but also introduced all of it but the ninja. And in Waid’s run? Through almost fifty beautiful issues we had the spotlight focused on all of these facets. And you know what? It was fun!

    I mentioned before that Daredevil is fifty years old and that’s something Marvel wants you to forget. There were 350 issues of volume run Frank Miller had nothing to do with and I REFUSE to let his pretentious, stuck-up fans parade his run around as the be-all end-all of this character. Especially since those pretentious, stuck-up fans forget that that run was filled with fun superhero stories. He fought Stiltman! He teamed up with the Heroes for Hire! But no. To them only the grim and the gritty can remain. That washes away all of the great stuff that could be done with the Jester or the Owl who are two characters that have a lot of potential that has yet to be tapped. However, if those pretentious fans get what they want that potential will never be tapped because those are “superhero” characters and for some reason to them that’s a dirty word. Waid had the guts to focus on the superhero again while also highlighting all those other facets at one point or another. If you read the Miller run, all of Volume 2, Volume 3, and Volume 4 you see Matt go through a wonderful character arc that Waid added to and continued without ignoring, subtracting, or detracting from.

    Christine, I had a lot less of a problem with the new suit than you did. To me, Waid was very clearly riffing on characters like the Spirit, Doc Savage, or the new Moon Knight design to show that Matt was attempting to be like those characters. The point of the new suit was never that Matt should be that kind of hero but instead that that’s the kind of hero he was desperately trying to be. He wanted to be open and a community man. It was shown, really cleverly I might add, how that would aid him in the scene at the drive-in movie theater. By being more open and less sneaky he could ask for rides to scenes or ask a crowd if they saw a witness. It’s not a tactic without sense but it’s not the type of tactics Matt should use and that’s what he learns in Waid’s Finale. He learns that while he needs to be more open he can’t force himself to be a type of hero he’s not. He’s NOT Doc Savage, he’s Daredevil and sometimes Daredevil has to be a bit mysterious. The biggest issue with the finale was that Waid’s normally dependable pacing did what Waid’s pacing does near the end of his runs (Ex. “Terminal Velocity” over at the Flash) which is kind of run smack into a brick wall and fall apart. The pacing in the Finale story is terrible and all of the problems he spends a great deal of time introducing are hand-waved away in a truly lazy style.

    But regardless of all that, volume 4 was not terrible at all and I look forward to people re-appraising it in the years to come. It started out REALLY strong and the Purple Man three-parter affected me and riveted me like no comics story of the past few years. I’ve given that Purple Man story to people who don’t even read comic books and everyone has told me it was fantastic. In those aforementioned years to come I think it will be the Purple Man and Ikari stories that will be remembered most fondly and rightfully so.

  6. Mike Murdock

    Christine, are you going to review the last few issues? Maybe just one giant review for all of them if it’s too painful to do them individually? I think Volume 3 is so strong, it’ll be a shame if Waid’s run ends on such a weak note.

  7. tate

    attempting to impress by affecting greater importance, talent, culture, etc., than is actually possessed.
    “a pretentious literary device”

    “In my opinion Waid’s run is the pinnacle of the Daredevil story so far. 50 years of the character and no run has singularly encapsulated one of the most multi-faceted characters and mythologies ever so beautifully.”

    There’s a reason why the top of this list, voted by the fans, came out the way it did. 10 years from now it would probably be about the same, especially the top three. I also find it telling that the lone Waid story to crack the top 15 was the first “Ikari arc” which is probably the one story Waid did that is most similar to, and draws from all those dark and gritty ninja stories.

  8. Aidan

    Comic book best of lists are notoriously biased with both Alan Moore tales consistently cracking the top ten of Superman when one of them is objectively terrible.

    In fact, I’d argue most Daredevil fans who hold up Miller haven’t read anything beyond his run. If you haven’t read the majority of Colan’s run you can’t rightfully comment on Daredevil and who he is like those fans love to do. They have every right to love and read Miller but don’t pretend like he created the character or is the only run of import in fifty years.

  9. tate

    “In fact, I’d argue most Daredevil fans who hold up Miller haven’t read anything beyond his run.”

    Wow… thats a pretty baseless assumption to put forth. Sure, fans like us who’ve read almost everything are a minority, but here and most everywhere else the fans talking about Daredevil have read numerous different runs by numerous creators across the decades.

  10. Christine Hanefalk

    For the record, I think Frank Miller would be the top pick even among fans who have read every single issue of Daredevil. My all-time favorite issue is Daredevil #191.

    Most people who come to this site are very knowledgeable fans of the character, so let’s not make assumptions about people we don’t agree with.

    (This should be read as me clearing my throat, there’s no need to insult fellow fans.)

  11. Tate

    Apologies for the back and forth bickering.

    One thing I thought of after the conclusion is we really don’t know anything about Ikari other than he’s as assassin with same powers as Matt.. Waid left him a total blank slate for another writer to potentially fill in the blanks. Hopefully that writer won’t overcomplicate a simple and great character.

  12. Daniel

    I highly enjoyed Waid’s run on Daredevil! Waid and co. obviously took a lot of time to get into Matt’s head and figure out what made him tick. That high level of insight combined with the fresh color palate, lighter tone, and pitch perfect story telling made this run a true joy to read. It was one of the first comic runs that had me truly going through a range of emotions. Over the years this run has had me laughing, crying and everything in between at different points, sometimes even in the same issue.

    I know some people don’t like heavier issues being put into comics, but to me when its done right it can be truly moving and inspirational. My mother was diagnosed with cancer at almost the same time as Foggy was in the comics, and I went through the same journey that Matt went on with dealing with it at the same time. The act of being brave and putting on the supportive encouragement when its killing you to see your loved one so weak and sick is heart wrenching and it was handled so well by Waid and Samnee. The issue that had Matt go to the hospital bathroom and vomit and then come back to Foggy’s room smiling and making his friend feel better was so gut-wrenching but so true. The whole thing was done with such sincerity and reality, but without being preachy, and blanketed by hope and a sense of true courage that it made me proud to be a DD fan. Waid’s run helped me get through dealing with my mom’s illness, and those issues are a good reminder of my mom’s character as I currently deal with her passing, and helped show me that my mother was a true woman without fear!!!!! Just like everyone else that is dealing with Cancer and other life threatening diseases. The issues dealing with depression were equally powerful and well thought out and researched. I commend the team for tackling such big real world issues with a sense of professionalism while not weighing down the story or making it any less hopeful or fun!! No easy task, and so rarely done well.

    Im sure you will go in-depth with the artwork but I just wanted to say how much I enjoyed it for both its crisp storytelling and for its creativity. I think it will be a long time before we see a DD run that changed the overall look and tone of this title as much as this run did. Just the color pallet alone was enough to shake up a book that was in need of something different. But as was pointed out, the biggest accomplishment was that they were able to bring so many new twists and views to this book and make it so fun, while at the same time dealing with heavier issues of Matt’s complex personality and stay true to what has come before. Impressive stuff. I just don’t see anyone else incorporating sound effects in such a visually unique way to express how Matt “views” the world in a completely nonvisual sense. Very creative stuff that shows how much thought and work went into making this book. And I agree Christine, I hope the current rendition of the radar stays around for a long time.

    I agree the run was not perfect. Including the last few issues. I personally thought the “Omega Drive” plot went on for way to long and really didn’t have a satisfying conclusion. I also wasn’t a big fan of the Latveria/mental compensation powers thing, and the Bullseye mastermind mystery was completely overblown and obvious in the end (I guess we were all kicking ourselves over that one lol.) but it was done up pretty cool in the end. Which brings me to my final thought. There were some bumps in the road, but overall this was a very well thought-out, executed, creative, thought and feeling provoking, and above all FUN run that I will miss and look back on fondly. And I truly hope future creative teams pull inspiration from this run. Especially when it comes to exploring the different sides of Matt, playing with the medium to do innovative tings, and breathing new life into old characters and concepts. Because those new takes on old villains were awesome!! I, like may others, also look forward to seeing the return of the new Bullseye, Ikari, and Coyote.

    Anyway thanks for the space to express some of my thoughts, and welcome back Christine! Good to have you back!

  13. Bee Clayton

    I’ve enjoyed Mark Waid’s run on DD overall. Though he was far from perfect, I think he had more highs than lows. I think, given time, his run will be looked upon as being unique within the span of the character’s history.

    My question though lies with this notion that some devoted DD fans have of Waid having violated or even destroyed the ‘core’ character version of Matt Murdock by the end of Vol. 4. His decisions, actions, choices, etc all apparently fly directly in the face of what the ‘real Matt Murdock would have done.

    A notion, that quite frankly, I find to be rubbish. What is the ‘core’ version of DD? Is it Stan Lee’s version? Englehart’s version? Wolfman’s version? Shooter’s? Is it Miller’s? What of Bendis’s version? Brtubaker’s? (And dare I say it, Chichester’s version?)

    Whenever a new writer comes aboard, he or she decides which elements and attributes of the character they want to focus on or highlight in order to best tell the stories they have in mind. This allows for flexibility in characterization, for new ideas and concepts, it shows the adaptability of the character himself.

    It’s not a violation, it’s an exploration. Waid chose to go against the the grain by showcasing a more carefree Matt, even though his mental issues were still acknowledged and still there, boiling beneath his surface. The whole ‘revealing his secret id’, I thought was a brilliant exploration by Waid, showing the cost and consequences of such an action in today’s tech-crazy world while exploring Matt’s belief that he could handle any and all fallout of such a deed (which it turns out, was wrong)

    A lighter tone, yes, but Waid’s run also held it’s darker moments which allows for a truly balanced run. Still, it’s all up to personal opinion. If you don’t like Waid’s run, then fine., no one is forcing you to. But to get up all in arms about some form of base character betrayal is overreacting, I believe.

    In fact, my advice to those who don’t like Waid’s run is do what I do with a run I don’t appreciate, like Bendis’ DD run for example, – simply ignore it.

  14. geb

    woW.. dawning on me just how persuasive a devil this matman really is.. has left us all spell-blind all over and under..

    joking aside.. big bravos to you fans who shared personal periods of strife (even though you (we all) may disagree upon initial topics, there are things which unite us also)..

    mentioned initially in a post regarding my defunct email (still?) needing only the simple hotmail account that had expired due to inactivity.. the reasons were similar.. after watching the old man’s long bout with parkinson’s, slowly but noticeably decaying, having to recede from the workforce to aid, then hospitals, and then the passing.. takes (quite) a chunk out of one..

    to the point i too fell low enough and was forced to seek verbal support for a few months (and it’s different in these smaller (still finger pointing) countries, about such things anyway)

    (not strong enough? to watch loved ones sap away ehy?) i know,.. what ridiculous perspectives, usually from those who have not yet happened

    perhaps that’s part of our magnetism to this character.. as stated above, like a good music album, you engage this read to relax, escape, lift if your down.. I understand that one would not want to see their way out barred by unpleasant memories..

    this being a major adult endeavor however, I would say to you to consider letting it be so.. facing is the key.. the only way to deal with things troubling the psyc.. and they do vanish.. completely.. yes indeed..

    Bravo again.. i knew i was among major dudes (even if younger)..

  15. geb

    You clarified “those” Pretentious “fans”.. not miller himself or in his work being as such.. very good..

    “museum directors, with high shaking heads.. they kick white shadows.. un.. til they play dead..
    they want to crack your crossword smile.. ooh can i take you out for a while.. yea.. um.. she’s a nUt like yOu.. the dangermouse type”… well.. she’s a lot like.. (refrain)

    find a few in all walks, alas.. but.. just a few in retrospect, i believe..

    good essay(s) also.. most enlightening.. and the director is one of the funniest.. i loved listening to those podcasts.. what fun.. right again.. why bother with anything if not fun?..

    below. if you’ll permit me. trying not bore if you bear with me a tad


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